the protrusion of an organ or tissue out of the body cavity in which it normally lies. An inguinal hernia (or rupture) occurs in the lower abdomen; a sac of peritoneum, containing fat or part of the bowel, bulges through a weak part (inguinal canal) of the abdominal wall. It may result from physical straining or coughing. A scrotal hernia is an inguinal hernia so large that it passes into the scrotum; a femoral hernia is similar to an inguinal hernia but protrudes at the top of the thigh, through the point at which the femoral artery passes from the abdomen to the thigh. A diaphragmatic hernia is the protrusion of an abdominal organ through the diaphragm into the chest cavity; the most common type is the hiatus hernia, in which the stomach passes partly or completely into the chest cavity through the hole (hiatus) for the oesophagus (gullet). This may be associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux. See also exomphalos.
Hernias may be complicated by becoming impossible to return to their normal site (irreducible); swollen and fixed within their sac (incarcerated); or cut off from their blood supply, becoming painful and eventually gangrenous (strangulated). The best treatment for hernias, especially if they are painful, is surgical repair (see hernioplasty).

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  • Hernia — Classification and external resources Frontal chest X ray showing a hernia of Morgagni ICD 10 K …   Wikipedia

  • hernia — f. anat. patol. Deslizamiento o salida total o parcial de un órgano a través de un orificio natural o accidental. Las hernias más frecuentes, ya sean congénitas o adquiridas suelen producirse a través del abdomen, de los conductos naturales o por …   Diccionario médico

  • Hernia — Her ni*a, n.; pl. E. {Hernias}, L. {Herni[ae]}. [L.] (Med.) A protrusion, consisting of an organ or part which has escaped from its natural cavity, and projects through some natural or accidental opening in the walls of the latter; as, hernia of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hernia — (Del lat. hernĭa). f. Med. Protrusión o salida de parte de un órgano, como el intestino, de la estructura anatómica que normalmente la fija. hernia de disco. f. Med. Protrusión de un fragmento de un disco intervertebral, que, al comprimir el… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • hernia en w — Hernia en la que el saco herniario contiene dos asas intestinales, comprendiendo un segmento interedio situado dentro del abdomen. Hernia retrógrada. Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • hernia — late 14c., hirnia, from L. hernia a rupture, related to hira intestine, PIE *ghere gut, entrail (see YARN (Cf. yarn)). The re Latinized spelling is from 17c. Related: Herniated (1879) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hernia — (lat.), s. Bruch (Chir.) 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hernĭa — (lat., Hernie), Bruch, Eingeweidebruch; H. femoralis oder cruralis, Schenkelbruch; H. inguinalis, Leistenbruch; H. umbilicalis, Nabelbruch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hernia — Hernĭa (lat.), Eingeweidebruch (s. Bruch); Herniotomīe, Bruchschnitt, Operation des eingeklemmten Bruchs …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hernia — Hernia, lat., Eingeweidebruch; davon herniös, mit einem Bruche behaftet; Herniologie, Lehre von den Brüchen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • hérnia — s. f. 1. Tumor mole formado pela deslocação de uma víscera. 2.  [Popular] Quebradura …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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